Significant daily events in April in Philippine History.
The history of Philippine today.
- On April 1, 1955, a series of very strong earthquakes beginning at 2:18 in the morning, with epicenter between Panguil Bay and Lake Lanao, rocked all of Mindanao, and the southern Visayas, with heavy damage done in Lanao and Occidental Misamis. Many lives were lost in the towns along the shore of Lake Lanao as the water receded and then returned.
- On April 1, 1901, President Emilio Aguinaldo volunteered to swear his allegiance to the United States, formally ending the First Republic and recognizing the sovereignty of the US over the Philippines. He was captured by the Americans in his secret headquarters in Palanan, Isabela on March 23, 1901.
- On April 2, 1788, Prominent Filipino poetFrancisco Baltazar, the Philippine counterpart of famed English writer William Shakespeare, was born in Panginay, Bigaa, Bulacan.
- On April 3, 1939, Catalino Ortiz Brocka, better known as Lino Brocka, one of the greatest film directors of the Philippines and National Artist for Films (1997), was born in Pilar, Sorsogon.
- On April 4, 1868, Felipe Calderon, a lawyer, statesman, and known as the "Father ofMalolos Constitution", was born in Santa Cruz de Malabon (now Tanza), Cavite to Don Jose Gonzales Calderon and Doña Manuela Roca.
- On April 5, 1964, General Douglas MacArthur died in the Walter Reed Medical Center, Washington DC, of biliary cirrhosis, early afternoon Sunday, 3:39am Manila time. The US President on April 6, ordered flags half-masted until the MacArthur funeral. In Manila, President Macapagal issued a proclamation declaring a period of mourning from April 6 to the day of the funeral.
- On April 5, 1973, the so-called Golden Buddhaowned by Rogelio Roxas of Baguio City was seized by unidentified government agents.Roxas worked as a locksmith in Baguio City. He was also an amateur coin collector and treasure hunter. In 1961, Roxas met a man named Fuchugami in Baguio City, who claimed that his father had been in the Japanese army and had drawn a map identifying the location of the legendary "Yamashita Treasure."
- On April 6, 1828, King of Spain, Ferdinand VII, issued a decree establishing a public bank in the Philippines to meet the requirements of increasing commerce and trade in the islands.
- On April 7, 1871, Epifanio de los Santos, nationalist, writer and scholar, lawyer, researcher, musician, politician, painter, among others, was born in Malabon Rizal, now a city of Metro Manila. His father was Escolastico de los Santos, an educated and wealthy hacendero. His mother was Antonina Cristobal, noted for her ability to play the piano and harp.
- On April 8, 1975, a Friendship Towersymbolizing the restored friendship between the Philippines and Japan following World War II, was inaugurated in the municipality of Bagac on Bataan peninsula.
- On April 9, 1962, US President John F. Kennedy sent President Diosdado Macapagal a message on the occasion of Bataan day celebration.
- At dawn of April 9, 1942, Major General Edward P. King, commander of the Bataan forces, was forced to surrender together with his men when the Filipino and American soldiers could no longer defend the Bataan peninsula from the invasion of Japanese troops.
- On April 10, 1866, General Isidoro Torres, a scion of prominent families in Bulacan who established many Katipunan chapters, was born in Malolos, Bulacan.
- On April 11, 1867, Leonor Rivera, Dr. Jose Rizal's sweetheart who became model for the Maria Clara character in Noli Me Tangere, was born in Camiling, Tarlac.
- On April 12, 1953, the Nacionalista Party, in its national convention held in the Fiesta Pavilion of the Manila Hotel, nominated recently resigned National Defense Secretary Ramon Magsaysay as its candidate for the presidency by a vote of 702 against 49 votes for Camilo Osias. Magsaysay was proposed for nomination by Senator Jose P. Laurel. Cipriano Primicias, in proposing Osias, was not allowed by the convention to finish his speech, and Osias, himself, in a two-hour speech on his own behalf was repeatedly booed whenever he voiced direct or indirect criticism of Magsaysay.
- On April 12, 1895, Andres Bonifacio first declared Philippine independence inside a cave called Pamitinan in Montalban (now Rodriguez town) in Rizal.
- On April 12, 1967, an electric bulb was lit up by geothermal energy for the first time through a working model set up by Filipino scientist Dr. Arturo Alcaraz and his team, in Cale, Tiwi, Albay. Steam from about an inch and a half hole drilled to a depth of 400 feet into the ground, powered a 2.5-KW turbo generator which produced electricity, a milestone in the country's quest for energy self-sufficiency.
- On April 13, 1872, Ramon Avanceña, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who contributed immensely in enriching Philippine jurisprudence, was born in Molo, Iloilo.
- On April 13, 1904, Fernando Lopez, a public servant of unsullied reputation and record of performance, vice-president and cabinet secretary under two Presidents, and senator for three terms, was born in Jaro, Iloilo to Benito Lopez and Presentacion Hofileña. Graciano Lopez-Jaena was his forebear.
- On April 14, 1521, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellanserving the Spanish royalty erected a wooden cross on the shores of Cebu, where the Filipinos could see it.
- On April 14, 1900, Pio Duran, a brilliant lawyer who became a successful businessman and a respected politician, an open"Japanophile" who helped establish the MAKAPILI, was born in Guinobatan, Albay to Jose E. Duran and Miguela Salvador.
- On April 15, 1962, Mayor Arsenio H. Lacson, Manila's first elected mayor died of heart attack at around 6:00 in the evening in his suite at the Hotel Filipinas where he had been going over his radio-television broadcast that should have been aired at 7:30 that evening. His was 49 years old.
- On April 15, 1947, the Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC) was established by virtue of Republic Act No. 95. Dona Aurora Aragon Quezon, wife of Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon, became its first president.
- On April 15, 1948, President Manuel Roxas died of heart attack after delivering a speech in the Kelly Theater of Clark Air Force Base in Pampanga. The President who was on a long standing invitation from Major General E. L. Eubank, went to Pampanga on official visit accompanied by Senate President Avelino, Speaker Perez and General Jalandoni.