Significant daily events in April in Philippine History.
The history of Philippine today.
- On April 16, 1902, General Miguel Malvarsurrendered to General Franklin Bell in Tanauan, Batangas, after having surrounded by forces of Bell, General Mariano Trias, and General Juan Cailles. In the words of Felipe Buencamino, Trias and Cailles"cooperated a good deal" with Bell to effect the surrender of Malvar.
- On April 17, 1898, General Francisco Makabulos, leader of the Katipunan revolutionary forces in Tarlac, established the Makabulos Republic with the promulgation of the Makabulos Constitution.
- On April 18, 1877, Vicente Yap Sotto, son of Marcelino Sotto and Pascuala Yap, a patriot, lawyer and publicist, acknowledged Father of Cebuano Journalism, Literature, and Language, was born in Cebu City. Sotto studied in the Colegio de San Carlos of Cebu and graduated Bachelor of Arts from San Juan de Letran College, Manila. Later he took a commercial course in the University of Santo Tomas and then studied law at the Manila Law College and in March 1907 was admitted to the bar.
- On April 18, 1918, Claudio Teehankee Sr., Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1986-1988, was born in Manila to Jose Teehankee and Julia Ong Sangroniz.
- On April 19, 1937, Joseph "Erap" Ejercito Estrada, the 13th President of the Philippines, was born in Tondo, Manila to Emilio Ejercito, an Engineer, and Maria Marcelo. His parent moved to San Juan where he grew up.
- On April 20, 1874, Servillano Aquino, a Katipunero and patriarch of Aquino family, was born in Angeles, Pampanga to Braulio Lacsamana Aquino and Antonina Petrona Henson Aguilar. When he was young, his family migrated to Tarlac.
- On April 21, 1897, Mariano Marcos, a lawyer, educator, and legislator, was born in Batac, Ilocos Norte to Fabian Marcos and Cresencia Rubio. Fabian was a farmer who had served asgobernadorcillo and justice of the peace of Batac after the Philippine Revolution, championed the Ilocano language but at the same time cultivated a scholarship in the Spanish language. A militant follower of Gregorio Aglipay and member of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente, he raised Mariano under the Aglipayan faith.
- On April 21, 1899, the first Presbyterian Mission led by Reverend Dr. James B. Rodgers, arrived in the Philippines. Rodgers pioneered in evangelistic, educational, and ecumenical work, being instrumental in the founding of the Philippine Evangelical Union in 1901.
- On April 22, 1822, the Paco Cemetery, once the burial place of notable and prominent figures, including the national hero Dr. Jose Rizal, was completed.
- On April 22, 1887, Brigadier General Mateo Capinpin, a war time commander of the Philippine Army's famed 21st Division, was born in the present day Morong Rizal.
- On April 23, 1946, Manuel A. Roxas was elected President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. Senators Manuel Roxas and Elpidio Quirino as Vice president, running under the Liberal Wing of the Nacionalista Party, prevailed over incumbent President Sergio Osmeña with Senator Eulogio Rodriguez for the vice presidency running under the Nacionalista Party. A third party, Partido Modernista (Hilario Moncado and Luis Salvador for president and vice president respectively), was also in the race.
- On April 23, 1934, George Canseco was born in Naic, Cavite. George Canseco was a leading Filipino song composer. He is regarded by music critics as one of the best sentimental music maker of his time.
- On April 24, 1982, the First Cecil Awards night, an annual recognition of individuals and institutions who have contributed to the development of Philippine music, was held at the Cultural Center of the Philippines. It was named after Cecil Lloyd (1910-1988) who is considered the Father of the Philippine
- On April 25, 1888, Juan Marcos Arellano y de Guzman, a Filipino architect and painter, best known as architect of Manila's Metropolitan Theater, was born in Tondo, Manila.
- On April 25, 1962, Sultan Mohammad Esmail Kiram and Princess Tarhata Kiram of Sulu met with President Macapagal in Malacañang to disccus matters of the Sultanate of Sulu. This meeting led to the creation of a legislative-executive commission, headed by Speaker protempore Salipada Pendatun, that initiated the process of the claim of the Sultanate of Sulu over North Borneo.
- On April 26, 1521, Datu Zula, Chief of Mactan, sent to Magellan one of his sons with two goats as present. Zula who had promised his service to the King of Spain was opposed by another Chief, Lapu-lapu. Datu Lapu-lapu declared that Mactan would never submit to the Spanish King.
- On April 27, 1521, Spanish explorerFerdinand Magellan was defeated and killed by warriors of Lapu-Lapu, a native chieftain of Mactan Island.
- On April 27, 1887, Toribio Teodoro, an inspiring example of Filipino initiative and enterprise, a wage earner-turned-millionaire, was born in barrio Matang Tubig, Caloocan (present day Grace Park in Caloocan city, Metro Manila) to poor parents from Tondo named Julian Teodoro and Apolinaria del Mundo.
- On April 28, 1949, Mrs. Aurora Quezon, her daughter Maria Aurora, her son-in-law, Philip Buencamino III, together with nine others including Mayor Ponciano Bernardo of Quezon City, were shockingly murdered in a machine-gun ambuscade by a band of Hukbalahaps while on their way to Baler, the birthplace of former President Quezon. Mrs. Quezon was the widow of the former President.
- On April 29, 1980, Lungsod ng Kabataan, one of the most modern children's hospitals in the Philippines, was inaugurated in Quezon City. The facility was created by virtue of Presidential decree #1631 during the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos.
- On April 30, 1865, Patrocinio Gamboa, the revolutionary heroine of Iloilo more popularly known as "Tia Patron", was born in Jaro, Iloilo.